There are a number of characteristics that define the various strains of cannabis. In addition to medicinal uses, some people consume marijuana for its relaxing or euphoric effects, while others consume cannabis for its uplifting, energizing qualities. Strain type, cannabinoid content, and terpene profile are the qualities within the cannabis plant that provide these various effects.
The first question that is usually asked of a budtender when a person intends to purchase cannabis is whether the strain is an indica, sativa, or hybrid. The reason for this is because indicas and sativas have very different effects, while hybrids fall somewhere in between and may show characteristics of both or either type.
Not only do the different types of cannabis provide very different psychological and physical effects when consumed, they also have different physical qualities when grown.
lndica strains are known to provide sedative effects and produce a body high. These strains are often consumed by people looking to relax, treat insomnia or pain, suffer from anxiety, or are seeking an appetite stimulant. The indica plant, while in flower, grows much smaller than its sativa cousin. With broader, fuller leaves, indica plants can also withstand much colder environments than sativas.
Sativa strains showcase much different psychological effects than indica strains. Often compared to that of a cup of coffee, the energizing head high effects can be uplifting, mentally stimulating, and euphoric. Sativas are valued by sufferers of depression and fatigue. A sativa strain may also act as an appetite suppressant.
Cannabis sativa is native to warmer climates and grows well outdoors. In ideal conditions, sativas can grow anywhere from 8-12 feet tall with wiry stalks and thin leaves.
Hybrid strains are those that have been bred by crossing an indica and a sativa cannabis plant. They can look and perform similiar to either a sativaor an indica a combination of both. Most strains found on the market today are hybrids and will take on the qualities of either parent strain. Depending on which qualities are more apparent, hybrids are often referred to as indica dominant or sativa dominant.
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