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Taking a step back: What are THC and CBD

12/6/2021 All About Cannabis

Medical marijuana and recreational marijuana have been legal for quite a while now in Colorado. This has given us a lot to be happy about – better treatment options for pain relief, as well as safe and legal enjoyment and relaxation.

Still, there’s a lot to learn about marijuana for many of us. There are always new residents and visitors to the state, not to mention new medical marijuana patients.  We feel the more you know, the more options you’ll have.

Visiting the nearest dispensary will quickly demonstrate how knowledgeable and helpful the budtenders can be. They can help with basic questions, like what are THC and CBD? They could also recommend the best weed-based products around.


The Endocannabinoid System

Scientists were trying to understand how cannabis positively affects the human body when they stumbled across the Endocannabinoid System (also known as the ECS). The ECS is made up of receptors throughout the body. The Endocannabinoid System helps achieve homeostasis, or balance, within many of the body’s systems.

Cannabinoids are compounds that naturally occur in the cannabis plant. THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol) are two of the most prominent cannabinoids. Both THC and CBD bind with the receptors that make up the Endocannabinoid System and provide many benefits.

THC and CBD have a similar molecular structure. The difference is that one hydrogen atom bonds to oxygen within the THC molecule. This doesn’t happen in the CBD molecule. That difference is echoed in the various effects THC and CBD have on the body’s systems.

The Endocannabinoid System

Chemicals called neurotransmitters carry messages between cells. THC and CBD interact with your receptors. This affects the neurotransmitters, affecting many different systems that help monitor your pain, sleep, stress, and immunities.

The More You Know

A lot has been discovered about the human body, but we’re still learning more every day. The recent discovery of the Endocannabinoid System means that soon we will have new and better treatments, improving the health and lives of many.

And while a lot of Coloradans are already knowledgeable about marijuana, there’s still a lot to learn about THC, CBD, and specific products and treatments. Building a knowledge base on your own is a great idea, and consulting with knowledgeable budtenders at a nearby dispensary is another.


THC, aka Tetrahydrocannabinol

You might already know that THC is the psychoactive component of marijuana – providing the high that marijuana is best-known for. Because marijuana wasn’t legal for such an extended period, many Americans just don’t have direct knowledge of THC.

Marijuana has long been viewed with a lot of humor but little understanding. The portrayals of marijuana use in movies, such as “The Pineapple Express” or “Up in Smoke” (with Cheech and Chong), don’t reflect the current use of THC now that it’s entirely legal in Colorado.

  • THC produces the feeling of being high by binding with cannabinoid 1 (CB1) receptors in the brain. THC also has non-recreational applications and has recently been reformulated for new products.
  • THC has been found to help with pain, anxiety, nausea, glaucoma, poor appetite, muscles spasms, and insomnia.
  • THC is ingested while smoking marijuana but can also be consumed in the form of edibles, oils, capsules, and tinctures.

As the legalization of marijuana becomes more prevalent, and as we witness a strong movement on the federal level for decriminalization, we know that scientists will have more significant research opportunities. With more time and resources devoted to this type of research, we will learn more about THC’s benefits.

CBD, aka Cannabidiol

The other most well-known cannabinoid, CBD, doesn’t have a psychoactive impact like THC. In 2018, the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) approved CBD’s use for difficult-to-treat, rare forms of epilepsy.

The 2018 Farm Bill made use of CBD derived from hemp legal. So your friends in other states where even medical marijuana is still illegal can now purchase some CBD products legally.

  • CBD’s bind with CB1 receptors is weak, but it does work to dampen the impact of THC’s psychoactive effects. It effectively treats pain, depression, anxiety, nausea, migraines, mental disorders, seizures, and inflammation.
  • CBD can be found in supplements, oils, tinctures, gummies, gels, and extracts.

Finding a Way with New Information

While much information about cannabis is newly available, everyone’s physiology is unique. Therefore, it will take research, advice, and perhaps some trial and error to find the best products or combination of treatments for you. Budtenders at your Buddy Boy dispensary will be a valuable source of information. Their personal experiences and insight could be much more helpful than reams of scientific research.

Answers for Individual Concerns

Problems with your health can be intimidating and are very personal. Voicing your specific questions can help you find the exact products that can be most helpful.

You may want to know how long it takes for a product to take effect or about potential side effects. In addition, questions about possible interactions with other medications should be addressed.

Dispensaries, like Buddy Boy Brands, are a source of products, but their best value comes from their people. A person who can listen to your questions and understand your concerns is priceless. Someone who can draw from their knowledge and personal experience to help find what you need is precious.



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